Lithium Batteries are reported in the news to erupt in flames and explode daily. FAA averages reports of Li-ion battery fires on commercial aircraft every 10 days.
The following information is reported directly from the U.S. Government and international news organizations
A massive fire that tore through a six-story Bronx building early Saturday, seriously injuring a firefighter, was sparked by a charging e-bike battery in a ground-floor restaurant, FDNY officials said.
Video: NYC Lithium Battery Fire
Moss Landing, CA, World’s Largest Lithium Battery Shutdown - Sep 16, 2021
Detection of thermal runaway in single Lithium battery cell resulted in shutdown of 300MW facility. Fire District Chief stated: “When you’re talking about a fire at the largest battery storage facility in the world, you can’t help but think this could be the big one.” Firefighters remained on standby for six days.
Australia Tesla Megapack 450 MW Energy Storage Facility Fire – Sep 8, 2021
Get Ready For Lithium Ion Battery Fires - Sept 1 2021
When lithium batteries began to explode in a burning warehouse in Morris, Illinois, on June 29, it caught firefighters by surprise. The massive fire prompted city officials to order evacuating nearly 4,000 residents living nearby, a church, and small businesses.
Article: Lithium Battery Fires Ablaze
Video: Morris Industrial Fire
Why Do Lithium Batteries Burn? - July 2021
NTSB - Lithium Fire Risks for Vehicles - Jan 13, 2021
NTSB warning to first responders regarding the high dangers associated with fighting a lithium-ion vehicle fire with examples of electric vehicles whose fires were extinguished, only to reignite hours later.
International Air Transport Association Lithium Regulations – Dec 12, 2020
IATA 2020 Regulation: Transport of Lithium Metal and Li-Ion Batteries
FAA - Lithium Batteries: What’s the Risk? – Sep 24, 2020
APS Lithium Battery Explosion Cause Report – July 8, 2020
70 page independent safety audit report with detailed analysis. Fire started from single cell of more than 100,000 that failed and started thermal runaway, fire and explosion. Entire lithium battery energy storage system (BESS) is a total loss. Two firefighters permanently disabled unable to resume careers.
China Controls the Lithium Battery Supply Chain – Apr 6, 2020
The Democratic Republic of Congo is the source of over two-thirds of global cobalt production, but China has over 80 percent control of the cobalt refining industry and 85 percent of the lithium battery supply chain.
Lithium batteries are very sensitive to temperature, charge and discharge rates, and the state of charge. This article is about the systems necessary to ensure Lithium batteries operate at peak performance and to reduce the risk of fire and explosion to a minimum. None of these considerations are relevant to SIRIUS modules.
An independent test by a highly regarding fire research organization. Analysis – LiFePo batteries are safer than Lithium-ion batteries but once ignited are very dangerous fires that burn very hot and for extended periods of time.
Lithium batteries remain unsafe and threat to general and military aviation. Dr. Natash Balsara UC Berkley, “Its completely unpredictable. There’s no way to look at a battery and say this is the one that’s going to be trouble.”
Despite wide usage, not everyone is aware of the hazards of lithium batteries and how to store them safely. A lithium battery explosion and fire at one base destroyed $70,000 worth of critical battery inventory. To make matters worse, the incident happened in a personnel-occupied building.
An independent analysis by FM Global a world-wide loss prevention insurance company that provides risk mitigation and business resilience consulting. FM Global has written many international reports on the dangers of Lithium-anything.
Global Reports: FM Global Lithium Research Reports