Lithium Batteries are reported in the news to erupt in flames and explode daily. FAA averages reports of Li-ion battery fires on commercial aircraft every 10 days.
The following information is reported directly from the U.S. Government and international news organizations
On April 19, 2019, one male career Fire Captain, one male career Fire Engineer, and two male career Firefighters received serious injuries as a result of cascading thermal runaway within a 2.16 MWh lithium-ion battery energy storage system (ESS) that led to a deflagration event.
The following test was a large-scale evaluation of the performance of ceiling-level sprinkler protection at mitigating the fire hazard posed by an ESS comprised of lithium nickel oxide/lithium manganese oxide batteries (LNO/LMO).
Video: Energy storage system test
According to Andante owner, Mauricio Orozco, the shop had received an e-bike requiring its faulty battery to be checked and reinstalled. After the battery was sent to a repair specialist in Nevada and returned, it was left overnight to recharge.
While charging, the battery pack caught fire, ruining Andante’s premises and a range of bikes, wheels and components inside the shop.
A massive fire that tore through a six-story Bronx building early Saturday, seriously injuring a firefighter, was sparked by a charging e-bike battery in a ground-floor restaurant, FDNY officials said.
Video: NYC Lithium Battery Fire
Chandler Fire Department has been investigating a hazardous situation at a lithium battery storage facility near 54th Street and Pecos Road since Monday, officially calling for evacuations Thursday evening.
As the price of lithium has skyrocketed over 400% in the past year, the demand for lithium-ion batteries appears more intense than ever. Lithium has earned the ‘white petroleum’ label due to its dramatic need for supplies from the rise of battery giga-factories, electric vehicles, powerwalls and energy storage businesses.
The large number of electric vehicles on board a ship that is drifting ablaze in the Atlantic Ocean is complicating efforts to extinguish the fire, the Dutch experts contracted to salvage the vessel said Sunday.
The company took offline its 100-megawatt Moss Landing battery facility after a safety system activated late on Sunday, according to a statement. It’s the second incident at the plant in less than six months.
The man killed in a raging East Village fire was charging nine e-bike batteries inside his apartment when the flames erupted, with the explosive force of the blaze blowing out the windows and a wall inside the fourth-floor residence, FDNY officials said Friday.
Article: East Village Fire
Detection of thermal runaway in single Lithium battery cell resulted in shutdown of 300MW facility. Fire District Chief stated: “When you’re talking about a fire at the largest battery storage facility in the world, you can’t help but think this could be the big one.” Firefighters remained on standby for six days.
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When lithium batteries began to explode in a burning warehouse in Morris, Illinois, on June 29, it caught firefighters by surprise. The massive fire prompted city officials to order evacuating nearly 4,000 residents living nearby, a church, and small businesses.
Article: Lithium Battery Fires Ablaze
Video: Morris Industrial Fire
NTSB warning to first responders regarding the high dangers associated with fighting a lithium-ion vehicle fire with examples of electric vehicles whose fires were extinguished, only to reignite hours later.
IATA 2020 Regulation: Transport of Lithium Metal and Li-Ion Batteries
70 page independent safety audit report with detailed analysis. Fire started from single cell of more than 100,000 that failed and started thermal runaway, fire and explosion. Entire lithium battery energy storage system (BESS) is a total loss. Two firefighters permanently disabled unable to resume careers.
The Democratic Republic of Congo is the source of over two-thirds of global cobalt production, but China has over 80 percent control of the cobalt refining industry and 85 percent of the lithium battery supply chain.
Lithium batteries are very sensitive to temperature, charge and discharge rates, and the state of charge. This article is about the systems necessary to ensure Lithium batteries operate at peak performance and to reduce the risk of fire and explosion to a minimum. None of these considerations are relevant to SIRIUS modules.
An independent test by a highly regarding fire research organization. Analysis – LiFePo batteries are safer than Lithium-ion batteries but once ignited are very dangerous fires that burn very hot and for extended periods of time.
Lithium batteries remain unsafe and threat to general and military aviation. Dr. Natash Balsara UC Berkley, “Its completely unpredictable. There’s no way to look at a battery and say this is the one that’s going to be trouble.”
Despite wide usage, not everyone is aware of the hazards of lithium batteries and how to store them safely. A lithium battery explosion and fire at one base destroyed $70,000 worth of critical battery inventory. To make matters worse, the incident happened in a personnel-occupied building.
An independent analysis by FM Global a world-wide loss prevention insurance company that provides risk mitigation and business resilience consulting. FM Global has written many international reports on the dangers of Lithium-anything.
Global Reports: FM Global Lithium Research Reports